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▼Education & Research Capability Building Project of Hanoi Agricultural University, Vietnam

Cooperation period September 1, 1998 – August 31, 2003
Form of support Technical cooperation project
Amount of cooperation 778 million yen
Background of implementation Agriculture is the main industry in Vietnam, accounting for about 28% of the GDP and 73% of the employed population, and the trends in agricultural production are an important element that influences the domestic economy.

The Vietnamese Government has implemented the Doi Moi (renovation) policy since 1986, with the prime task of framing and managing agricultural policies based on the market economy, researching and developing the technology necessary for modern agriculture, and moreover, fostering personnel to instruct farms in the agricultural field as well.

Furthermore, the Vietnamese Government has given overriding priority to the policy of enhancement of the quality of university education in its socio-economic development plans (1996 – 2000.) Additionally, Hanoi Agricultural University has sent a number of graduates to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, National Agricultural Research Institutions, etc., and has been the central core of advanced agricultural education in Vietnam since its establishment in 1956; however, the function and capability of the university have become diminished as support from former communist countries has been reduced to zero.

Under these circumstances, the Vietnamese Government made plans to enhance the education and research at the university, and made a request to Japan for project-type technical cooperation with the purpose of transferring modern knowledge and technology for education, research and organizational management, and upgrading experimental equipment.

Contents of cooperation

For the purpose of enhancing the quality of education and research at Hanoi Agricultural University, the project implemented cooperative activities such as technical instruction to teachers, advice on improving the syllabus, and development of the facilities for the Faculty of Agronomy, the Faculty of Land and Water Resources Management, and the Faculty of Economics and Rural Development.

(1) Overall Goal: To improve the quality of education and research at Hanoi Agricultural University as a whole.

(2) Project Purpose: To improve the quality of education and research in three faculties (Faculty of Agronomy, Faculty of Land and Water Resources Management, and Faculty of Economics and Rural Development) at Hanoi Agricultural University.

(3) Results 1) Quality of research is improved.
2) Quality of education is improved.
3) Facilities and equipment are properly set up, operated, and
maintained to improve the quality of research and education.

(4) Input

Japanese side Long-term dispatch of experts 9 Provision of equipment 220 million yen
Short-term dispatch of experts 30 Burden of local cost 100 million yen
Acceptance of trainees 23  
Vietnamese Side Deployment of counterparts 67 Provision of land and facilities
Burden of local cost 60 million yen  
Project evaluation

(Actual achievement)
In terms of the improvement of research quality in the three target faculties, the number of papers issued, the number of research papers and survey reports published, and the number of persons obtaining doctoral or master’s degrees increased. The transferred equipment was effectively utilized, five kinds of experimental manuals were newly developed at the Faculty of Land and Water Resources Management, and a total of seventeen syllabuses (lesson outlines) were revised or received advice at the three cooperation target faculties.

The project directly supports the education policies (Education and Training Development Strategies: 2001 – 2010) of the Ministry of Education and Training; improvement of curriculum and teaching methods, and improvement of teachers in terms of quality and quantity. It is also consistent with the national agricultural policy (the Five-Year Plan for Agriculture and Rural Development: 2001 – 2005) issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

It is difficult to measure the quality of research, but some positive changes have been observed. The number of research papers issued has increased in the three target faculties and the number of research grants from external organizations such as the research fund from the Ministry of Science and Technology has increased. Judging from this data, the expected output has almost been achieved. Also, facilities and equipment have been properly set up and the number of classes conducting experiments has increased. These facts have contributed to the improvement in the quality of education. Judging from the facts above, the project goals have been accomplished

Input was mostly delivered as planned and was efficient. At the commencement of the project, there was a delay in dispatching a long-term expert for agronomy. There was no long-term expert dispatched to the Faculty of Land and Water Resource Management from the fourth year. However, instead of a long-term expert, several short-term experts were assigned, and the delay did not cause any noteworthy interference to the accomplishment of the results.

Regarding the accomplishment of the overall goal, one indicator was more active communication among departments or faculties of the university such as with use of the Central Laboratory or Computer Room by other faculties. There were other positive impacts. The university has gained a growing reputation both within and outside the university and was designated as having model faculties of curriculum improvement (Faculty of Agronomy, Faculty of Land and Water Resources Management, and Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) by the Ministry of Education and Training. The number of applicants for the university’s entrance examination has been increasing.

The overall goal of the project is consistent with the national policy of education strategies and agricultural strategies so there will be no problem sustaining the project from a policy point of view.
Counterparts have already absorbed most of the transferred techniques to a sufficient level and nearly all the counterpart personnel who received training in Japan still remain at Hanoi Agricultural University to continue their research and education. Judging from these facts, it can be seen that techniques transferred by the project have high sustainability and will be continuously developed and extended.

With regard to the organizational aspect of sustainability, it is indispensable to improve the working environment of the counterparts. If this action is not in place, the counterparts will not be able to take time for research due to the increasing number of students, resulting in an increase of classes for the counterparts.

In terms of the financial condition of the university, the annual revenue of the university has tended to increase as it has accepted more research grants and more tuition fees from the students. In addition, the President of the university has announced the intention to secure the budget for the sustainability of the project. However, this will require a considerably high cost of maintenance and management to make it possible for the university to continuously use the equipment provided through the project. Hence, the situation cannot be optimized.